ASPB Ethics in Publishing: ASPB Policies and Procedures for Handling Allegations of Author Misconduct
The American Society of Plant Biologists expects members of the Society to maintain
high ethical standards for scholarship. The Society's Statement of Conduct stipulates
that "members shall demonstrate proper conduct in communicating scientific
information in an open and timely manner." Editors, officers of the Society,
and staff have a responsibility to the journals to ensure that allegations of
scientific misconduct are properly investigated. Ethics in Publishing: ASPB
Policies and Procedures for Handling Allegations of Author Misconduct has
been developed to help editors, ASPB officers, and staff members deal with ethical
issues related to the Society's journals.
Expectations for Publishing in ASPB Journals
The American Society of Plant Biologists expects authors submitting to and publishing
in its journals to adhere to ethical standards for scholarship and to ensure
that the work they submit to or publish in the journals is free of scientific
misconduct. Authors shall
- Take credit only for work that they have produced.
- Properly cite the work of others as well as their own related work. It is
the responsibility of the authors, not the Society or the editors or reviewers,
to ensure that relevant prior discoveries are appropriately acknowledged with
the original citations in manuscripts submitted for publication.
- Submit only original work to the journals, no part of which has been previously
published in print or online as, or is under consideration as, a peer-reviewed
article in another journal, as a non-peer-reviewed article (such as a review)
in another journal, or as a book chapter.
- Determine whether the disclosure of content requires the prior consent of
other parties and, if so, obtain that consent prior to submission.
- Maintain access to original research results; primary data should remain
in the laboratory and should be preserved for a minimum of five years or for
as long as there may be reasonable need to refer to them.
All authors of articles submitted for publication assume full responsibility,
within the limits of their professional competence, for the accuracy of their
Instances of possible scientific misconduct related to papers submitted to or
published in the ASPB journals will be addressed by following the procedure
Procedure for Addressing Allegations of Scientific Misconduct or Other Ethical
Scientific misconduct in publishing includes but is not limited to
- Fraud: fabricating a report of research or suppressing or altering data
- Duplicate publication: publication of the same article first in an ASPB
journal and subsequently in another journal or vice versa.
- Plagiarism: taking material from another's work and submitting it as one's
- Self-plagiarism: republishing one's own material that has previously been
published elsewhere in the primary literature without citing the earlier publication.
Procedure for handling allegations of misconduct
All information relating to allegations and subsequent inquiries will be kept
confidential by the ERC, any other Society members, and staff working on the matter
and will not be disclosed to any third parties, unless considered necessary according
to section F. All actions, including telephone calls, must be documented for all
situations, even those resolved immediately. Copies of correspondence should be
sent to the Director of Publications. A summary of alleged scientific misconduct
or ethical violations, but with no names and other identifiers, should be part
of the journal staff report that is delivered to the Publications Committee and
the Executive Committee.
- All allegations of scientific misconduct or ethical violation will be referred
to the Executive Director of the Society. Persons making oral allegations
will be advised by the Executive Director that no action will be taken by
the Society unless the allegation is made in writing.
- The Executive Director will consult with the Editor-in-Chief and Publications
Committee Chair to determine whether to convene an Ethics Review Committee
(ERC; President, Past President, Editors-in-Chief of both Plant Physiology
and The Plant Cell, Publications Committee Chair, and the editorial board
member who is handling the manuscript in question).
- Depending on the outcome of "B," the Executive Director will refer
allegations to the ERC, which will determine whether further action is necessary.
- If further action is deemed necessary, the Executive Director shall notify
the author in writing of the allegations. The author shall be given the opportunity
to respond to the allegations in writing within 30 days.
- The ERC shall consider all relevant information, including any response
received from the author, in making its findings.
- The Executive Director, President, and Editor-in-Chief, with consultation
from the ERC, shall determine the appropriate course of action, which can
range from simply returning the manuscript to the author to prohibiting further
publication. The Executive Director, after discussion with legal counsel,
shall then determine if Executive Committee and/or legal review is necessary
before the Society takes action. It is important to recognize that the Society's
investigation shall focus on our concerns as a publisher and that the appropriate
course of action shall not exceed the constraints of this interest. If deemed
appropriate, the author's home institution may be notified. Notification of
the home institution will be informational only, so that the home institution
is free to consider an independent investigation.
- Once a decision is made, the author will be notified in writing of the decision
and of any action that will be taken by the Society. In the event of an adverse
decision, the author may appeal to the Executive Committee. Such an appeal
must be filed within 14 days of receipt of the decision. The procedures for
the appeal shall be determined by the Executive Committee.
The original version of this document was approved by the ASPB Executive
Committee October 20, 2003, and revised on February 26, 2005.